Yes, the Reti model is made from worn files. "Reti" is Nepalese for "file". I've read that file steel is usually something like W1 or W2, high carbon (around 1%), with maybe some added vanadium.
A related thread:
Le Dictionnaire Cordial comporte plus de 120 000 entrées..
Nom féminin singulier
en technologie, hache dont le fer à la forme d'une épaule de mouton
translated definition below:
A catalog from 1897 describes some pitfalls of using solid tool steel for axes (specifically "hatchets and hand axes"), and says "the present method" uses mild steel for the body and tool steel for the bit and poll. However, the downside of "the present method" is that tool steel and mild steel...
From 1872, this article in Scientific American describes the axe-making process at "one of the largest ax manufactories in the country", that of Weed & Becker Co. (which took over after D. Simmons died in 1861). The axes are said to be made from iron and steel, with the iron bodies being cast in...
This catalog, said to be from 1873, has "Cast Steel Broad Axes" (whatever that means exactly) from D. Simmons & Co.
It looks like the broad axe in question is their "New York" pattern.
"Moulis" doesn't mean windmills (that would be moulins...), here it looks like a surname, and the name of a company now run by the widow (similar to how Veuve Clicquot champagne was named for the widow (Veuve) after her husband François Clicquot died. [Wikipedia]
"Taillanderie" is what this...
Now I'm confused. I had the impression that a "cast steel" stamp could mean that the bit is made of cast steel, within an iron body.
From an earlier thread:
"...perhaps we can get back onto the meaning of "cast steel" within the context of a late 1800s stamp. An antique axe that...
Jesse's son H.R. had a shop for manufacturing edge tools in Derry until about 1888, according to
Biographical Review: This Volume Contains Biographical Sketches of the Leading Citizens of Hampshire County, Massachusetts, Volume 1, 1895
Well, as I speculated earlier, since Jesse's son H.R. continued making edge tools after 1860 then perhaps he continued using the J. Underhill stamp, since it was a recognized brand? (This type of thing seems to have happened a lot in the histories of the various axe companies.) And the book...
Some more details, the "J" in the "J. Underwood" might have been referring to either Jesse or his brother Jay (both being sons of Josiah, who died in 1822). Jay and Jesse went to Boston in 1822 to work for a Mr. Faxon, and the brothers took over the shop when Faxon died in 1824. They returned to...
According to this book from 1873, both the "D. Simmons" and "D. Simmons & Co." marks were still being used after Simmons died.
"Mr. [Daniel] Simmons died in 1861, when the present [as of 1873] firm of Weed & Becker became the sole proprietors [Weed, Becker & Co.]
"The axes of...
My guess is based on (1) the reasoning that a company with more widespread marketing efforts could source some of its product line from a regional company that otherwise isn't distributing that far (a modern example from Italy is how Falci used to source some axes from Rinaldi, before Rinaldi...